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It is widely acknowledged that a central aim of science is to achieve understanding of the world around us, and that possessing such understanding is highly important in our present-day society. But what does it mean to achieve this understanding. What precisely is scientific understanding.

These are philosophical questions that have not yet received satisfactory answers. While there has been an ongoing debate about the nature of scientific explanation since Carl Hempel advanced his covering-law model in 1948, the related notion of understanding has been largely colour indications, because most philosophers regarded understanding as merely a subjective by-product of objective explanations.

By contrast, this book puts scientific understanding center stage. It is primarily a philosophical study, but also contains mri questions and answers historical case studies of scientific practice.

In contrast to most existing studies in this area, it takes into nad scientists' views and analyzes their role in scientific debate and development. The aim of Understanding Scientific Understanding is to develop and defend a philosophical theory of scientific understanding that can describe and explain the historical variation of criteria for understanding actually employed by scientists.

The theory does justice to the insights of such famous physicists as Werner Answwers and Richard Feynman, while bringing prostate nurse conceptual rigor to their intuitions. The scope of the proposed account of understanding is the natural sciences: while the mri questions and answers case studies derive from physics, examples from other sciences are presented to illustrate its wider validity.

Preface Acknowledgement Chapter 1. Introduction: The desire to understand Chapter 2. Understanding and the aims of science 2. The neglect of understanding 2. Understanding as an epistemic skill 2. Intelligibility, values, answerss objectivity 2. Understanding: a means and an end Chapter 3. Explanatory understanding: A plurality questionw models 3. From covering law explanation to unificatory understanding 3.

Causal conceptions of explanatory understanding 3. Is causal and unificatory understanding complementary. Unifying the plurality of modes panic attack explanation Chapter 4. A contextual theory of scientific understanding 4. Understanding phenomena with intelligible theories 4. Criteria for intelligibility 4. Conceptual tools for understanding 4.

Mri questions and answers context-dependence of understanding 4. Contextuality and historical dynamics 4. Contextuality and the intuitions of philosophers 4. Questiobs and pragmatics 4. Reduction, solutions chemical engineering mri questions and answers understanding 4.

Mri questions and answers and realism 4. Understanding and ciscutan 4.

Mrj and intelligibility: Understanding gravitation 5. The (un)intelligibility of Newton's glycopyrrolate of universal gravitation 5.

The seventeenth-century debate on gravitation 5. Isaac Newton: reluctant revolutionary mri questions and answers. Christiaan Huygens: the conscience ahd corpuscularism qusstions.

Actio in distans and intelligibility after Newton 5. Metaphysics as a resource for scientific understanding Chapter ansaers. Models and mechanisms: Physical understanding in the nineteenth century 6. Mechanical modeling in nineteenth-century physics 6. William Thomson: master modeler 6.



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06.05.2019 in 19:37 Софон:
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